windows下使用selenium调用谷歌浏览器报错

错误提示:


G:\霍格沃兹培训\01python实战\Hogwarts\venv\Scripts\python.exe “G:\PyCharm Community Edition 2021.1.1\plugins\python-ce\helpers\pycharm_jb_pytest_runner.py” --target test_selenium.py::test_selenium
Testing started at 20:38 …
Launching pytest with arguments test_selenium.py::test_selenium --no-header --no-summary -q in G:\霍格沃兹培训\01python实战\Hogwarts\Web、App自动化测试\Web自动化

============================= test session starts =============================
collecting … collected 1 item

test_selenium.py::test_selenium FAILED [100%]
test_selenium.py:2 (test_selenium)
def test_selenium():
# option = webdriver.ChromeOptions()
# option.binary_location=r’c:\Program Files\Google\Chrome\Application’

  driver = webdriver.Chrome(r'd:\Program Files (x86)\chromedriver_win32\chromedriver.exe')

test_selenium.py:6:


…\venv\lib\site-packages\selenium\webdriver\chrome\webdriver.py:76: in init
RemoteWebDriver.init(
…\venv\lib\site-packages\selenium\webdriver\remote\webdriver.py:157: in init
self.start_session(capabilities, browser_profile)
…\venv\lib\site-packages\selenium\webdriver\remote\webdriver.py:252: in start_session
response = self.execute(Command.NEW_SESSION, parameters)
…\venv\lib\site-packages\selenium\webdriver\remote\webdriver.py:321: in execute
self.error_handler.check_response(response)


self = <selenium.webdriver.remote.errorhandler.ErrorHandler object at 0x00000236736F9A00>
response = {‘status’: 500, ‘value’: ‘{“value”:{“error”:“unknown error”,“message”:“unknown error: Chrome failed to start: crashed…unk [0x76796739+25]\n\tRtlGetFullPathName_UEx [0x77878AFF+1215]\n\tRtlGetFullPathName_UEx [0x77878ACD+1165]\n”}}’}

def check_response(self, response):
    """
    Checks that a JSON response from the WebDriver does not have an error.

    :Args:
     - response - The JSON response from the WebDriver server as a dictionary
       object.

    :Raises: If the response contains an error message.
    """
    status = response.get('status', None)
    if status is None or status == ErrorCode.SUCCESS:
        return
    value = None
    message = response.get("message", "")
    screen = response.get("screen", "")
    stacktrace = None
    if isinstance(status, int):
        value_json = response.get('value', None)
        if value_json and isinstance(value_json, basestring):
            import json
            try:
                value = json.loads(value_json)
                if len(value.keys()) == 1:
                    value = value['value']
                status = value.get('error', None)
                if status is None:
                    status = value["status"]
                    message = value["value"]
                    if not isinstance(message, basestring):
                        value = message
                        message = message.get('message')
                else:
                    message = value.get('message', None)
            except ValueError:
                pass

    exception_class = ErrorInResponseException
    if status in ErrorCode.NO_SUCH_ELEMENT:
        exception_class = NoSuchElementException
    elif status in ErrorCode.NO_SUCH_FRAME:
        exception_class = NoSuchFrameException
    elif status in ErrorCode.NO_SUCH_WINDOW:
        exception_class = NoSuchWindowException
    elif status in ErrorCode.STALE_ELEMENT_REFERENCE:
        exception_class = StaleElementReferenceException
    elif status in ErrorCode.ELEMENT_NOT_VISIBLE:
        exception_class = ElementNotVisibleException
    elif status in ErrorCode.INVALID_ELEMENT_STATE:
        exception_class = InvalidElementStateException
    elif status in ErrorCode.INVALID_SELECTOR \
            or status in ErrorCode.INVALID_XPATH_SELECTOR \
            or status in ErrorCode.INVALID_XPATH_SELECTOR_RETURN_TYPER:
        exception_class = InvalidSelectorException
    elif status in ErrorCode.ELEMENT_IS_NOT_SELECTABLE:
        exception_class = ElementNotSelectableException
    elif status in ErrorCode.ELEMENT_NOT_INTERACTABLE:
        exception_class = ElementNotInteractableException
    elif status in ErrorCode.INVALID_COOKIE_DOMAIN:
        exception_class = InvalidCookieDomainException
    elif status in ErrorCode.UNABLE_TO_SET_COOKIE:
        exception_class = UnableToSetCookieException
    elif status in ErrorCode.TIMEOUT:
        exception_class = TimeoutException
    elif status in ErrorCode.SCRIPT_TIMEOUT:
        exception_class = TimeoutException
    elif status in ErrorCode.UNKNOWN_ERROR:
        exception_class = WebDriverException
    elif status in ErrorCode.UNEXPECTED_ALERT_OPEN:
        exception_class = UnexpectedAlertPresentException
    elif status in ErrorCode.NO_ALERT_OPEN:
        exception_class = NoAlertPresentException
    elif status in ErrorCode.IME_NOT_AVAILABLE:
        exception_class = ImeNotAvailableException
    elif status in ErrorCode.IME_ENGINE_ACTIVATION_FAILED:
        exception_class = ImeActivationFailedException
    elif status in ErrorCode.MOVE_TARGET_OUT_OF_BOUNDS:
        exception_class = MoveTargetOutOfBoundsException
    elif status in ErrorCode.JAVASCRIPT_ERROR:
        exception_class = JavascriptException
    elif status in ErrorCode.SESSION_NOT_CREATED:
        exception_class = SessionNotCreatedException
    elif status in ErrorCode.INVALID_ARGUMENT:
        exception_class = InvalidArgumentException
    elif status in ErrorCode.NO_SUCH_COOKIE:
        exception_class = NoSuchCookieException
    elif status in ErrorCode.UNABLE_TO_CAPTURE_SCREEN:
        exception_class = ScreenshotException
    elif status in ErrorCode.ELEMENT_CLICK_INTERCEPTED:
        exception_class = ElementClickInterceptedException
    elif status in ErrorCode.INSECURE_CERTIFICATE:
        exception_class = InsecureCertificateException
    elif status in ErrorCode.INVALID_COORDINATES:
        exception_class = InvalidCoordinatesException
    elif status in ErrorCode.INVALID_SESSION_ID:
        exception_class = InvalidSessionIdException
    elif status in ErrorCode.UNKNOWN_METHOD:
        exception_class = UnknownMethodException
    else:
        exception_class = WebDriverException
    if value == '' or value is None:
        value = response['value']
    if isinstance(value, basestring):
        if exception_class == ErrorInResponseException:
            raise exception_class(response, value)
        raise exception_class(value)
    if message == "" and 'message' in value:
        message = value['message']

    screen = None
    if 'screen' in value:
        screen = value['screen']

    stacktrace = None
    if 'stackTrace' in value and value['stackTrace']:
        stacktrace = []
        try:
            for frame in value['stackTrace']:
                line = self._value_or_default(frame, 'lineNumber', '')
                file = self._value_or_default(frame, 'fileName', '<anonymous>')
                if line:
                    file = "%s:%s" % (file, line)
                meth = self._value_or_default(frame, 'methodName', '<anonymous>')
                if 'className' in frame:
                    meth = "%s.%s" % (frame['className'], meth)
                msg = "    at %s (%s)"
                msg = msg % (meth, file)
                stacktrace.append(msg)
        except TypeError:
            pass
    if exception_class == ErrorInResponseException:
        raise exception_class(response, message)
    elif exception_class == UnexpectedAlertPresentException:
        alert_text = None
        if 'data' in value:
            alert_text = value['data'].get('text')
        elif 'alert' in value:
            alert_text = value['alert'].get('text')
        raise exception_class(message, screen, stacktrace, alert_text)
  raise exception_class(message, screen, stacktrace)

E selenium.common.exceptions.WebDriverException: Message: unknown error: Chrome failed to start: crashed.
E (unknown error: DevToolsActivePort file doesn’t exist)
E (The process started from chrome location C:\Users\ASUS\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\Application\chrome.exe is no longer running, so ChromeDriver is assuming that Chrome has crashed.)

…\venv\lib\site-packages\selenium\webdriver\remote\errorhandler.py:242: WebDriverException

============================== 1 failed in 3.83s ==============================

chrome本地使用正常吗?更新下chrome试试

chrome已经是最新版本了

更新chromedriver.exe驱动,然后再代码加入

chrome_options.add_argument('--no-sandbox')
chrome_options.add_argument('--disable-dev-shm-usage')

感谢 已解决 驱动肯定是配套的,当时的浏览器版本:92.0.4515.159,chromedriver是 92.0.4515.107 ,因为没有和浏览器一模一样的版本,我就选择了107, 92.0.4515.43的我也下载过,没用
解决:我卸载了最新版本的谷歌版本92.0.4515.159,清除了残留文件,安装了92.0.4515.107就正常调用了,然后升级到92.0.4515.159版本也可以正常调用 想想的话应该就是卸载浏览器,清除残留文件

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