• setup_module
  • setup_class
  • setup_method/setup
  • teardown
  • teardown_class
  • teardown_module






usage: pytest [options] [file_or_dir] [file_or_dir] [...]

positional arguments:

  -k EXPRESSION         only run tests which match the given substring
                        expression. An expression is a python evaluatable
                        expression where all names are substring-matched against
                        test names and their parent classes. Example: -k
                        'test_method or test_other' matches all test functions
                        and classes whose name contains 'test_method' or
                        'test_other', while -k 'not test_method' matches those
                        that don't contain 'test_method' in their names. -k 'not
                        test_method and not test_other' will eliminate the
                        matches. Additionally keywords are matched to classes
                        and functions containing extra names in their
                        'extra_keyword_matches' set, as well as functions which
                        have names assigned directly to them. The matching is
  -m MARKEXPR           only run tests matching given mark expression. example:
                        -m 'mark1 and not mark2'.
  --markers             show markers (builtin, plugin and per-project ones).
  -x, --exitfirst       exit instantly on first error or failed test.
  --maxfail=num         exit after first num failures or errors.
  --strict-markers, --strict
                        markers not registered in the `markers` section of the
                        configuration file raise errors.
  -c file               load configuration from `file` instead of trying to
                        locate one of the implicit configuration files.
                        Force test execution even if collection errors occur.
  --rootdir=ROOTDIR     Define root directory for tests. Can be relative path:
                        'root_dir', './root_dir', 'root_dir/another_dir/';
                        absolute path: '/home/user/root_dir'; path with
                        variables: '$HOME/root_dir'.
  --fixtures, --funcargs
                        show available fixtures, sorted by plugin appearance
                        (fixtures with leading '_' are only shown with '-v')
  --fixtures-per-test   show fixtures per test
                        prepend/append to sys.path when importing test modules,
                        default is to prepend.
  --pdb                 start the interactive Python debugger on errors or
                        start a custom interactive Python debugger on errors.
                        For example:
  --trace               Immediately break when running each test.
  --capture=method      per-test capturing method: one of fd|sys|no|tee-sys.
  -s                    shortcut for --capture=no.
  --runxfail            report the results of xfail tests as if they were not
  --lf, --last-failed   rerun only the tests that failed at the last run (or all
                        if none failed)
  --ff, --failed-first  run all tests but run the last failures first. This may
                        re-order tests and thus lead to repeated fixture
  --nf, --new-first     run tests from new files first, then the rest of the
                        tests sorted by file mtime
                        show cache contents, don't perform collection or tests.
                        Optional argument: glob (default: '*').
  --cache-clear         remove all cache contents at start of test run.
  --lfnf={all,none}, --last-failed-no-failures={all,none}
                        which tests to run with no previously (known) failures.
  --sw, --stepwise      exit on test failure and continue from last failing test
                        next time
  --stepwise-skip       ignore the first failing test but stop on the next
                        failing test

  --durations=N         show N slowest setup/test durations (N=0 for all).
  -v, --verbose         increase verbosity.
  -q, --quiet           decrease verbosity.
  --verbosity=VERBOSE   set verbosity. Default is 0.
  -r chars              show extra test summary info as specified by chars:
                        (f)ailed, (E)rror, (s)kipped, (x)failed, (X)passed,
                        (p)assed, (P)assed with output, (a)ll except passed
                        (p/P), or (A)ll. (w)arnings are enabled by default (see
                        --disable-warnings), 'N' can be used to reset the list.
                        (default: 'fE').
  --disable-warnings, --disable-pytest-warnings
                        disable warnings summary
  -l, --showlocals      show locals in tracebacks (disabled by default).
  --tb=style            traceback print mode (auto/long/short/line/native/no).
                        Controls how captured stdout/stderr/log is shown on
                        failed tests. Default is 'all'.
  --full-trace          don't cut any tracebacks (default is to cut).
  --color=color         color terminal output (yes/no/auto).
  --pastebin=mode       send failed|all info to bpaste.net pastebin service.
  --junit-xml=path      create junit-xml style report file at given path.
  --junit-prefix=str    prepend prefix to classnames in junit-xml output
  --result-log=path     DEPRECATED path for machine-readable result log.

  --collect-only, --co  only collect tests, don't execute them.
  --pyargs              try to interpret all arguments as python packages.
  --ignore=path         ignore path during collection (multi-allowed).
  --ignore-glob=path    ignore path pattern during collection (multi-allowed).
                        deselect item (via node id prefix) during collection
  --confcutdir=dir      only load conftest.py's relative to specified dir.
  --noconftest          Don't load any conftest.py files.
  --keep-duplicates     Keep duplicate tests.
                        Don't ignore tests in a local virtualenv directory
  --doctest-modules     run doctests in all .py modules
                        choose another output format for diffs on doctest
  --doctest-glob=pat    doctests file matching pattern, default: test*.txt
                        ignore doctest ImportErrors
                        for a given doctest, continue to run after the first

test session debugging and configuration:
  --basetemp=dir        base temporary directory for this test run.(warning:
                        this directory is removed if it exists)
  -V, --version         display pytest version and information about plugins.
  -h, --help            show help message and configuration info
  -p name               early-load given plugin module name or entry point
                        (multi-allowed). To avoid loading of plugins, use the
                        `no:` prefix, e.g. `no:doctest`.
  --trace-config        trace considerations of conftest.py files.
  --debug               store internal tracing debug information in
  -o OVERRIDE_INI, --override-ini=OVERRIDE_INI
                        override ini option with "option=value" style, e.g. `-o
                        xfail_strict=True -o cache_dir=cache`.
  --assert=MODE         Control assertion debugging tools. 'plain' performs no
                        assertion debugging. 'rewrite' (the default) rewrites
                        assert statements in test modules on import to provide
                        assert expression information.
  --setup-only          only setup fixtures, do not execute tests.
  --setup-show          show setup of fixtures while executing tests.
  --setup-plan          show what fixtures and tests would be executed but don't
                        execute anything.

                        set which warnings to report, see -W option of python

  --no-print-logs       disable printing caught logs on failed tests.
  --log-level=LEVEL     level of messages to catch/display. Not set by default,
                        so it depends on the root/parent log handler's effective
                        level, where it is "WARNING" by default.
                        log format as used by the logging module.
                        log date format as used by the logging module.
                        cli logging level.
                        log format as used by the logging module.
                        log date format as used by the logging module.
  --log-file=LOG_FILE   path to a file when logging will be written to.
                        log file logging level.
                        log format as used by the logging module.
                        log date format as used by the logging module.
                        Auto-indent multiline messages passed to the logging
                        module. Accepts true|on, false|off or an integer.

[pytest] ini-options in the first pytest.ini|tox.ini|setup.cfg file found:

  markers (linelist):   markers for test functions
  empty_parameter_set_mark (string):
                        default marker for empty parametersets
  norecursedirs (args): directory patterns to avoid for recursion
  testpaths (args):     directories to search for tests when no files or
                        directories are given in the command line.
  usefixtures (args):   list of default fixtures to be used with this project
  python_files (args):  glob-style file patterns for Python test module
  python_classes (args):
                        prefixes or glob names for Python test class discovery
  python_functions (args):
                        prefixes or glob names for Python test function and
                        method discovery
  disable_test_id_escaping_and_forfeit_all_rights_to_community_support (bool):
                        disable string escape non-ascii characters, might cause
                        unwanted side effects(use at your own risk)
  console_output_style (string):
                        console output: "classic", or with additional progress
                        information ("progress" (percentage) | "count").
  xfail_strict (bool):  default for the strict parameter of xfail markers when
                        not given explicitly (default: False)
  enable_assertion_pass_hook (bool):
                        Enables the pytest_assertion_pass hook.Make sure to
                        delete any previously generated pyc cache files.
  junit_suite_name (string):
                        Test suite name for JUnit report
  junit_logging (string):
                        Write captured log messages to JUnit report: one of
  junit_log_passing_tests (bool):
                        Capture log information for passing tests to JUnit
  junit_duration_report (string):
                        Duration time to report: one of total|call
  junit_family (string):
                        Emit XML for schema: one of legacy|xunit1|xunit2
  doctest_optionflags (args):
                        option flags for doctests
  doctest_encoding (string):
                        encoding used for doctest files
  cache_dir (string):   cache directory path.
  filterwarnings (linelist):
                        Each line specifies a pattern for
                        warnings.filterwarnings. Processed after
  log_print (bool):     default value for --no-print-logs
  log_level (string):   default value for --log-level
  log_format (string):  default value for --log-format
  log_date_format (string):
                        default value for --log-date-format
  log_cli (bool):       enable log display during test run (also known as "live
  log_cli_level (string):
                        default value for --log-cli-level
  log_cli_format (string):
                        default value for --log-cli-format
  log_cli_date_format (string):
                        default value for --log-cli-date-format
  log_file (string):    default value for --log-file
  log_file_level (string):
                        default value for --log-file-level
  log_file_format (string):
                        default value for --log-file-format
  log_file_date_format (string):
                        default value for --log-file-date-format
  log_auto_indent (string):
                        default value for --log-auto-indent
  faulthandler_timeout (string):
                        Dump the traceback of all threads if a test takes more
                        than TIMEOUT seconds to finish. Not available on
  addopts (args):       extra command line options
  minversion (string):  minimally required pytest version

environment variables:
  PYTEST_ADDOPTS           extra command line options
  PYTEST_PLUGINS           comma-separated plugins to load during startup
  PYTEST_DISABLE_PLUGIN_AUTOLOAD set to disable plugin auto-loading
  PYTEST_DEBUG             set to enable debug tracing of pytest's internals

to see available markers type: pytest --markers
to see available fixtures type: pytest --fixtures
(shown according to specified file_or_dir or current dir if not specified; fixtures with leading '_' are only shown with the '-v' option


pytest test_mod.py;  pytest testing/
pytest -k "MyClass and not method"
pytest test_mod.py::test_func;  pytest test_mod.py::TestClass::test_method 
pytest -v test_server.py::TestClass test_server.py::test_send_http
pytest -m slow;  pytest -v -m "not webtest"
pytest --pyargs pkg.testing
pytest --junitxml=path
pytest.main(["-x", "mytestdir"])

def setup_class(self):
self.calc = Calc()

    def test_demo1(self):

        print("class change var")


        print("instance change var")

老师,你pycharm的 命令行 里是以 管理员 身份运行的吗,我的好像不是