【Python实战2】pytest实战

测试装置

  • setup_module
  • setup_class
  • setup_method/setup
  • teardown
  • teardown_class
  • teardown_module

case顺序哈建

https://github.com/seveniruby/HogwartsLagouTesting1/blob/master/testing/test_order.py

参数化

分组

运行

usage: pytest [options] [file_or_dir] [file_or_dir] [...]

positional arguments:
  file_or_dir

general:
  -k EXPRESSION         only run tests which match the given substring
                        expression. An expression is a python evaluatable
                        expression where all names are substring-matched against
                        test names and their parent classes. Example: -k
                        'test_method or test_other' matches all test functions
                        and classes whose name contains 'test_method' or
                        'test_other', while -k 'not test_method' matches those
                        that don't contain 'test_method' in their names. -k 'not
                        test_method and not test_other' will eliminate the
                        matches. Additionally keywords are matched to classes
                        and functions containing extra names in their
                        'extra_keyword_matches' set, as well as functions which
                        have names assigned directly to them. The matching is
                        case-insensitive.
  -m MARKEXPR           only run tests matching given mark expression. example:
                        -m 'mark1 and not mark2'.
  --markers             show markers (builtin, plugin and per-project ones).
  -x, --exitfirst       exit instantly on first error or failed test.
  --maxfail=num         exit after first num failures or errors.
  --strict-markers, --strict
                        markers not registered in the `markers` section of the
                        configuration file raise errors.
  -c file               load configuration from `file` instead of trying to
                        locate one of the implicit configuration files.
  --continue-on-collection-errors
                        Force test execution even if collection errors occur.
  --rootdir=ROOTDIR     Define root directory for tests. Can be relative path:
                        'root_dir', './root_dir', 'root_dir/another_dir/';
                        absolute path: '/home/user/root_dir'; path with
                        variables: '$HOME/root_dir'.
  --fixtures, --funcargs
                        show available fixtures, sorted by plugin appearance
                        (fixtures with leading '_' are only shown with '-v')
  --fixtures-per-test   show fixtures per test
  --import-mode={prepend,append}
                        prepend/append to sys.path when importing test modules,
                        default is to prepend.
  --pdb                 start the interactive Python debugger on errors or
                        KeyboardInterrupt.
  --pdbcls=modulename:classname
                        start a custom interactive Python debugger on errors.
                        For example:
                        --pdbcls=IPython.terminal.debugger:TerminalPdb
  --trace               Immediately break when running each test.
  --capture=method      per-test capturing method: one of fd|sys|no|tee-sys.
  -s                    shortcut for --capture=no.
  --runxfail            report the results of xfail tests as if they were not
                        marked
  --lf, --last-failed   rerun only the tests that failed at the last run (or all
                        if none failed)
  --ff, --failed-first  run all tests but run the last failures first. This may
                        re-order tests and thus lead to repeated fixture
                        setup/teardown
  --nf, --new-first     run tests from new files first, then the rest of the
                        tests sorted by file mtime
  --cache-show=[CACHESHOW]
                        show cache contents, don't perform collection or tests.
                        Optional argument: glob (default: '*').
  --cache-clear         remove all cache contents at start of test run.
  --lfnf={all,none}, --last-failed-no-failures={all,none}
                        which tests to run with no previously (known) failures.
  --sw, --stepwise      exit on test failure and continue from last failing test
                        next time
  --stepwise-skip       ignore the first failing test but stop on the next
                        failing test

reporting:
  --durations=N         show N slowest setup/test durations (N=0 for all).
  -v, --verbose         increase verbosity.
  -q, --quiet           decrease verbosity.
  --verbosity=VERBOSE   set verbosity. Default is 0.
  -r chars              show extra test summary info as specified by chars:
                        (f)ailed, (E)rror, (s)kipped, (x)failed, (X)passed,
                        (p)assed, (P)assed with output, (a)ll except passed
                        (p/P), or (A)ll. (w)arnings are enabled by default (see
                        --disable-warnings), 'N' can be used to reset the list.
                        (default: 'fE').
  --disable-warnings, --disable-pytest-warnings
                        disable warnings summary
  -l, --showlocals      show locals in tracebacks (disabled by default).
  --tb=style            traceback print mode (auto/long/short/line/native/no).
  --show-capture={no,stdout,stderr,log,all}
                        Controls how captured stdout/stderr/log is shown on
                        failed tests. Default is 'all'.
  --full-trace          don't cut any tracebacks (default is to cut).
  --color=color         color terminal output (yes/no/auto).
  --pastebin=mode       send failed|all info to bpaste.net pastebin service.
  --junit-xml=path      create junit-xml style report file at given path.
  --junit-prefix=str    prepend prefix to classnames in junit-xml output
  --result-log=path     DEPRECATED path for machine-readable result log.

collection:
  --collect-only, --co  only collect tests, don't execute them.
  --pyargs              try to interpret all arguments as python packages.
  --ignore=path         ignore path during collection (multi-allowed).
  --ignore-glob=path    ignore path pattern during collection (multi-allowed).
  --deselect=nodeid_prefix
                        deselect item (via node id prefix) during collection
                        (multi-allowed).
  --confcutdir=dir      only load conftest.py's relative to specified dir.
  --noconftest          Don't load any conftest.py files.
  --keep-duplicates     Keep duplicate tests.
  --collect-in-virtualenv
                        Don't ignore tests in a local virtualenv directory
  --doctest-modules     run doctests in all .py modules
  --doctest-report={none,cdiff,ndiff,udiff,only_first_failure}
                        choose another output format for diffs on doctest
                        failure
  --doctest-glob=pat    doctests file matching pattern, default: test*.txt
  --doctest-ignore-import-errors
                        ignore doctest ImportErrors
  --doctest-continue-on-failure
                        for a given doctest, continue to run after the first
                        failure

test session debugging and configuration:
  --basetemp=dir        base temporary directory for this test run.(warning:
                        this directory is removed if it exists)
  -V, --version         display pytest version and information about plugins.
  -h, --help            show help message and configuration info
  -p name               early-load given plugin module name or entry point
                        (multi-allowed). To avoid loading of plugins, use the
                        `no:` prefix, e.g. `no:doctest`.
  --trace-config        trace considerations of conftest.py files.
  --debug               store internal tracing debug information in
                        'pytestdebug.log'.
  -o OVERRIDE_INI, --override-ini=OVERRIDE_INI
                        override ini option with "option=value" style, e.g. `-o
                        xfail_strict=True -o cache_dir=cache`.
  --assert=MODE         Control assertion debugging tools. 'plain' performs no
                        assertion debugging. 'rewrite' (the default) rewrites
                        assert statements in test modules on import to provide
                        assert expression information.
  --setup-only          only setup fixtures, do not execute tests.
  --setup-show          show setup of fixtures while executing tests.
  --setup-plan          show what fixtures and tests would be executed but don't
                        execute anything.

pytest-warnings:
  -W PYTHONWARNINGS, --pythonwarnings=PYTHONWARNINGS
                        set which warnings to report, see -W option of python
                        itself.

logging:
  --no-print-logs       disable printing caught logs on failed tests.
  --log-level=LEVEL     level of messages to catch/display. Not set by default,
                        so it depends on the root/parent log handler's effective
                        level, where it is "WARNING" by default.
  --log-format=LOG_FORMAT
                        log format as used by the logging module.
  --log-date-format=LOG_DATE_FORMAT
                        log date format as used by the logging module.
  --log-cli-level=LOG_CLI_LEVEL
                        cli logging level.
  --log-cli-format=LOG_CLI_FORMAT
                        log format as used by the logging module.
  --log-cli-date-format=LOG_CLI_DATE_FORMAT
                        log date format as used by the logging module.
  --log-file=LOG_FILE   path to a file when logging will be written to.
  --log-file-level=LOG_FILE_LEVEL
                        log file logging level.
  --log-file-format=LOG_FILE_FORMAT
                        log format as used by the logging module.
  --log-file-date-format=LOG_FILE_DATE_FORMAT
                        log date format as used by the logging module.
  --log-auto-indent=LOG_AUTO_INDENT
                        Auto-indent multiline messages passed to the logging
                        module. Accepts true|on, false|off or an integer.

[pytest] ini-options in the first pytest.ini|tox.ini|setup.cfg file found:

  markers (linelist):   markers for test functions
  empty_parameter_set_mark (string):
                        default marker for empty parametersets
  norecursedirs (args): directory patterns to avoid for recursion
  testpaths (args):     directories to search for tests when no files or
                        directories are given in the command line.
  usefixtures (args):   list of default fixtures to be used with this project
  python_files (args):  glob-style file patterns for Python test module
                        discovery
  python_classes (args):
                        prefixes or glob names for Python test class discovery
  python_functions (args):
                        prefixes or glob names for Python test function and
                        method discovery
  disable_test_id_escaping_and_forfeit_all_rights_to_community_support (bool):
                        disable string escape non-ascii characters, might cause
                        unwanted side effects(use at your own risk)
  console_output_style (string):
                        console output: "classic", or with additional progress
                        information ("progress" (percentage) | "count").
  xfail_strict (bool):  default for the strict parameter of xfail markers when
                        not given explicitly (default: False)
  enable_assertion_pass_hook (bool):
                        Enables the pytest_assertion_pass hook.Make sure to
                        delete any previously generated pyc cache files.
  junit_suite_name (string):
                        Test suite name for JUnit report
  junit_logging (string):
                        Write captured log messages to JUnit report: one of
                        no|log|system-out|system-err|out-err|all
  junit_log_passing_tests (bool):
                        Capture log information for passing tests to JUnit
                        report:
  junit_duration_report (string):
                        Duration time to report: one of total|call
  junit_family (string):
                        Emit XML for schema: one of legacy|xunit1|xunit2
  doctest_optionflags (args):
                        option flags for doctests
  doctest_encoding (string):
                        encoding used for doctest files
  cache_dir (string):   cache directory path.
  filterwarnings (linelist):
                        Each line specifies a pattern for
                        warnings.filterwarnings. Processed after
                        -W/--pythonwarnings.
  log_print (bool):     default value for --no-print-logs
  log_level (string):   default value for --log-level
  log_format (string):  default value for --log-format
  log_date_format (string):
                        default value for --log-date-format
  log_cli (bool):       enable log display during test run (also known as "live
                        logging").
  log_cli_level (string):
                        default value for --log-cli-level
  log_cli_format (string):
                        default value for --log-cli-format
  log_cli_date_format (string):
                        default value for --log-cli-date-format
  log_file (string):    default value for --log-file
  log_file_level (string):
                        default value for --log-file-level
  log_file_format (string):
                        default value for --log-file-format
  log_file_date_format (string):
                        default value for --log-file-date-format
  log_auto_indent (string):
                        default value for --log-auto-indent
  faulthandler_timeout (string):
                        Dump the traceback of all threads if a test takes more
                        than TIMEOUT seconds to finish. Not available on
                        Windows.
  addopts (args):       extra command line options
  minversion (string):  minimally required pytest version

environment variables:
  PYTEST_ADDOPTS           extra command line options
  PYTEST_PLUGINS           comma-separated plugins to load during startup
  PYTEST_DISABLE_PLUGIN_AUTOLOAD set to disable plugin auto-loading
  PYTEST_DEBUG             set to enable debug tracing of pytest's internals


to see available markers type: pytest --markers
to see available fixtures type: pytest --fixtures
(shown according to specified file_or_dir or current dir if not specified; fixtures with leading '_' are only shown with the '-v' option

常用命令

pytest test_mod.py;  pytest testing/
pytest -k "MyClass and not method"
pytest test_mod.py::test_func;  pytest test_mod.py::TestClass::test_method 
pytest -v test_server.py::TestClass test_server.py::test_send_http
pytest -m slow;  pytest -v -m "not webtest"
pytest --pyargs pkg.testing
pytest --junitxml=path
pytest.main(["-x", "mytestdir"])

def setup_class(self):
self.calc = Calc()
这里如果写成一个类方法的话,怎么实现?下午试了老是提示实例没有calc属性。

    def test_demo1(self):
        demo_1=Demo()
        demo_2=Demo()
        print(demo_1.kind)
        print(demo_2.kind)
        print(Demo.kind)

        print("class change var")
        Demo.kind=1

        print(demo_1.kind)
        print(demo_2.kind)
        print(Demo.kind)

        print("instance change var")
        demo_1.kind+=1
        print(demo_1.kind)
        print(demo_2.kind)
        print(Demo.kind)

老师,你pycharm的 命令行 里是以 管理员 身份运行的吗,我的好像不是

老师,如何写一个启动所有用例的文件,也就是启动文件

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