第八期_iOS 测试体系_20190228

XCode

git clone https://github.com/appium/ios-uicatalog
#use xcode to open 

面向模拟器构建app


CodeSign /Users/seveniruby/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/UICatalog-dfavfehsvaabuqdpmxouzqphclvl/Build/Products/Debug-iphonesimulator/UICatalog.app (in target: UICatalog)
    cd /Users/seveniruby/temp/appium/ios/ios-uicatalog
    export CODESIGN_ALLOCATE=/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/codesign_allocate
    
Signing Identity:     "-"

    /usr/bin/codesign --force --sign - --entitlements /Users/seveniruby/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/UICatalog-dfavfehsvaabuqdpmxouzqphclvl/Build/Intermediates.noindex/UICatalog.build/Debug-iphonesimulator/UICatalog.build/UICatalog.app.xcent --timestamp=none /Users/seveniruby/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/UICatalog-dfavfehsvaabuqdpmxouzqphclvl/Build/Products/Debug-iphonesimulator/UICatalog.app

GenerateDSYMFile /Users/seveniruby/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/UICatalog-dfavfehsvaabuqdpmxouzqphclvl/Build/Products/Debug-iphonesimulator/UICatalog.app.dSYM /Users/seveniruby/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/UICatalog-dfavfehsvaabuqdpmxouzqphclvl/Build/Products/Debug-iphonesimulator/UICatalog.app/UICatalog (in target: UICatalog)
    cd /Users/seveniruby/temp/appium/ios/ios-uicatalog
    /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/dsymutil /Users/seveniruby/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/UICatalog-dfavfehsvaabuqdpmxouzqphclvl/Build/Products/Debug-iphonesimulator/UICatalog.app/UICatalog -o /Users/seveniruby/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/UICatalog-dfavfehsvaabuqdpmxouzqphclvl/Build/Products/Debug-iphonesimulator/UICatalog.app.dSYM


Touch /Users/seveniruby/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/UICatalog-dfavfehsvaabuqdpmxouzqphclvl/Build/Products/Debug-iphonesimulator/UICatalog.app (in target: UICatalog)
    cd /Users/seveniruby/temp/appium/ios/ios-uicatalog
    /usr/bin/touch -c /Users/seveniruby/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/UICatalog-dfavfehsvaabuqdpmxouzqphclvl/Build/Products/Debug-iphonesimulator/UICatalog.app

面向真机

CodeSign /Users/seveniruby/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/UICatalog-dfavfehsvaabuqdpmxouzqphclvl/Build/Products/Debug-iphoneos/UICatalog.app (in target: UICatalog)
    cd /Users/seveniruby/temp/appium/ios/ios-uicatalog
    export CODESIGN_ALLOCATE=/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/codesign_allocate
    
Signing Identity:     "iPhone Developer: yansheng huang (LJGDR784H2)"
Provisioning Profile: "iOS Team Provisioning Profile: *"
                      (0c3891ec-b6a3-4bd8-bb3c-1774087952ff)

    /usr/bin/codesign --force --sign A747E05F425FF31AA6180C146F9BE554AA1983B6 --entitlements /Users/seveniruby/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/UICatalog-dfavfehsvaabuqdpmxouzqphclvl/Build/Intermediates.noindex/UICatalog.build/Debug-iphoneos/UICatalog.build/UICatalog.app.xcent --timestamp=none /Users/seveniruby/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/UICatalog-dfavfehsvaabuqdpmxouzqphclvl/Build/Products/Debug-iphoneos/UICatalog.app

两者的重要区别点

  • 签名与privisionning profile文件
  • Debug-iphoneos/UICatalog.app Debug-iphonesimulator/UICatalog.app

调试app

创建模拟器

开发者工具

instruments工具包

iOS专项测试必备

app文件的结构

localhost:UICatalog.app seveniruby$ ls -l
total 43384
-rw-r--r--  1 seveniruby  staff  21646568  2 28 20:23 Assets.car
drwxr-xr-x  4 seveniruby  staff       128  2 28 20:23 Base.lproj
-rw-r--r--  1 seveniruby  staff      1451  2 28 20:23 Info.plist
-rw-r--r--  1 seveniruby  staff     14942  2 28 20:23 LaunchImage-700-568h@2x.png
-rw-r--r--  1 seveniruby  staff         8  2 28 20:23 PkgInfo
-rwxr-xr-x  1 seveniruby  staff    525712  2 28 20:23 UICatalog
drwxr-xr-x  3 seveniruby  staff        96  2 28 20:23 _CodeSignature
-rw-r--r--  1 seveniruby  staff      7615  2 28 20:23 embedded.mobileprovision
drwxr-xr-x  3 seveniruby  staff        96  2 28 20:23 en.lproj
-rw-r--r--  1 seveniruby  staff      2921  2 28 20:23 uicatalog-info.md

开发者中心

购买mac

  • 一次性使用:windows + mac虚拟机 (基本跑不起来)
  • 穷人版:mac mini 2500 + 显示器 2000
  • 平民版:mac air
  • 中产阶级:mbp
  • 高配版:苹果垃圾桶

常用命令

依赖工具包安装:
brew install --HEAD ideviceinstaller
brew install --HEAD libimobiledevice
brew install ios-deploy
查看模拟器列表:instruments -s devices
查看真机列表:idevice_id -l
安装app: 
ideviceinstaller -i demo.app
ios-deploy
命令行编译:
xcodebuild -scheme UICatalog -target iOS clean build
xcodebuild -scheme UICatalog -target iOS archive

测试框架

  • XCTest 要求使用swift oc,只有开发工程师才适合使用
  • Facebook开源的WDA
  • Appium基于WDA做了一次兼容封装

模拟器自动化

{
  "platformName": "ios",
  "platformVersion": "12.1",
  "deviceName": "iPhone X",
  "app": "/Users/seveniruby/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/UICatalog-dfavfehsvaabuqdpmxouzqphclvl/Build/Products/Debug-iphonesimulator/UICatalog.app"
}

注意app是面向模拟器构建的,还是面向真机构建的。

[iOSSim] Starting Simulator UI with command: open -Fn /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Applications/Simulator.app --args -CurrentDeviceUDID 6F79DA37-DE1E-434D-A9DC-239C4B2DC8E9 -ConnectHardwareKeyboard 0

[debug] [XCUITest] Beginning test with command 'xcodebuild build-for-testing test-without-building -project /usr/local/lib/node_modules/appium/node_modules/_appium-xcuitest-driver@2.104.0@appium-xcuitest-driver/WebDriverAgent/WebDriverAgent.xcodeproj -scheme WebDriverAgentRunner -destination id=6F79DA37-DE1E-434D-A9DC-239C4B2DC8E9 IPHONEOS_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET=12.1' in directory '/usr/local/lib/node_modules/appium/node_modules/_appium-xcuitest-driver@2.104.0@appium-xcuitest-driver/WebDriverAgent'

page source

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><AppiumAUT><XCUIElementTypeApplication type="XCUIElementTypeApplication" name="UICatalog" label="UICatalog" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="0" width="375" height="812">
  <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="false" x="0" y="0" width="375" height="812"/>
  <XCUIElementTypeWindow type="XCUIElementTypeWindow" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="73" width="375" height="666">
    <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="73" width="375" height="666">
      <XCUIElementTypeNavigationBar type="XCUIElementTypeNavigationBar" name="Buttons" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="96" width="375" height="53">
        <XCUIElementTypeButton type="XCUIElementTypeButton" name="UICatalog" label="UICatalog" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="96" width="121" height="53"/>
        <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" name="Buttons" label="Buttons" enabled="true" visible="true" x="150" y="110" width="75" height="25"/>
      </XCUIElementTypeNavigationBar>
      <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="73" width="375" height="666">
        <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="73" width="375" height="666">
          <XCUIElementTypeTable type="XCUIElementTypeTable" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="73" width="375" height="666">
            <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" name="SYSTEM (TEXT)" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="148" width="375" height="66">
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" name="SYSTEM (TEXT)" label="SYSTEM (TEXT)" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="148" width="375" height="66"/>
            </XCUIElementTypeOther>
            <XCUIElementTypeCell type="XCUIElementTypeCell" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="213" width="375" height="52">
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="213" width="375" height="1"/>
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="264" width="375" height="1"/>
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="17" y="263" width="358" height="2"/>
              <XCUIElementTypeButton type="XCUIElementTypeButton" name="Button" label="Button" enabled="true" visible="true" x="160" y="221" width="55" height="36"/>
            </XCUIElementTypeCell>
            <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" name="SYSTEM (CONTACT ADD)" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="276" width="375" height="45">
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" name="SYSTEM (CONTACT ADD)" label="SYSTEM (CONTACT ADD)" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="276" width="375" height="45"/>
            </XCUIElementTypeOther>
            <XCUIElementTypeCell type="XCUIElementTypeCell" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="320" width="375" height="53">
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="320" width="375" height="2"/>
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="372" width="375" height="1"/>
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="17" y="371" width="358" height="2"/>
              <XCUIElementTypeButton type="XCUIElementTypeButton" enabled="true" visible="true" x="174" y="333" width="27" height="27"/>
            </XCUIElementTypeCell>
            <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" name="SYSTEM (DETAIL DISCLOSURE)" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="384" width="375" height="45">
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" name="SYSTEM (DETAIL DISCLOSURE)" label="SYSTEM (DETAIL DISCLOSURE)" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="384" width="375" height="45"/>
            </XCUIElementTypeOther>
            <XCUIElementTypeCell type="XCUIElementTypeCell" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="428" width="375" height="53">
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="428" width="375" height="2"/>
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="479" width="375" height="2"/>
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="17" y="479" width="358" height="2"/>
              <XCUIElementTypeButton type="XCUIElementTypeButton" name="More Info" label="More Info" enabled="true" visible="true" x="174" y="441" width="27" height="27"/>
            </XCUIElementTypeCell>
            <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" name="IMAGE" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="491" width="375" height="46">
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" name="IMAGE" label="IMAGE" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="491" width="375" height="46"/>
            </XCUIElementTypeOther>
            <XCUIElementTypeCell type="XCUIElementTypeCell" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="536" width="375" height="53">
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="536" width="375" height="1"/>
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="587" width="375" height="2"/>
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="17" y="586" width="358" height="3"/>
              <XCUIElementTypeButton type="XCUIElementTypeButton" name="X Button" label="X Button" enabled="true" visible="true" x="139" y="544" width="97" height="36"/>
            </XCUIElementTypeCell>
            <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" name="ATTRIBUTED TEXT" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="599" width="375" height="46">
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" name="ATTRIBUTED TEXT" label="ATTRIBUTED TEXT" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="599" width="375" height="46"/>
            </XCUIElementTypeOther>
            <XCUIElementTypeCell type="XCUIElementTypeCell" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="644" width="375" height="52">
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="644" width="375" height="1"/>
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="695" width="375" height="1"/>
              <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="17" y="694" width="358" height="2"/>
              <XCUIElementTypeButton type="XCUIElementTypeButton" name="Button" label="Button" enabled="true" visible="true" x="160" y="652" width="55" height="36"/>
            </XCUIElementTypeCell>
          </XCUIElementTypeTable>
        </XCUIElementTypeOther>
      </XCUIElementTypeOther>
    </XCUIElementTypeOther>
  </XCUIElementTypeWindow>
  <XCUIElementTypeWindow type="XCUIElementTypeWindow" enabled="true" visible="false" x="0" y="73" width="375" height="666">
    <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="false" x="0" y="73" width="375" height="666"/>
  </XCUIElementTypeWindow>
  <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="73" width="375" height="24">
    <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="false" x="0" y="73" width="375" height="24"/>
    <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="73" width="375" height="24"/>
  </XCUIElementTypeOther>
  <XCUIElementTypeWindow type="XCUIElementTypeWindow" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="0" width="375" height="812">
    <XCUIElementTypeStatusBar type="XCUIElementTypeStatusBar" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="0" width="375" height="44">
      <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="0" width="375" height="44">
        <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="0" y="0" width="375" height="44">
          <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="6" y="-5" width="180" height="12"/>
          <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="190" y="-5" width="180" height="12"/>
          <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="6" y="17" width="180" height="12"/>
          <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="13" y="14" width="67" height="15">
            <XCUIElementTypeStaticText type="XCUIElementTypeStaticText" value="9:42 PM" name="9:42 PM" label="9:42 PM" enabled="true" visible="false" x="30" y="14" width="34" height="18"/>
          </XCUIElementTypeOther>
          <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="21" y="8" width="56" height="22"/>
          <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="190" y="17" width="180" height="12"/>
          <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="false" x="294" y="14" width="67" height="15">
            <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" value="No signal" name="Cellular" label="Cellular" enabled="true" visible="false" x="294" y="17" width="17" height="12"/>
            <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" value="SSID, 3 of 3 Wi-Fi bars" name="3 of 3 Wi-Fi bars" enabled="true" visible="false" x="316" y="17" width="16" height="12"/>
            <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" value="Not charging" name="100% battery power" label="100% battery power" enabled="true" visible="false" x="336" y="17" width="25" height="12"/>
          </XCUIElementTypeOther>
          <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="true" x="294" y="14" width="67" height="15"/>
        </XCUIElementTypeOther>
        <XCUIElementTypeOther type="XCUIElementTypeOther" enabled="true" visible="false" x="8" y="24" width="82" height="14"/>
      </XCUIElementTypeOther>
    </XCUIElementTypeStatusBar>
  </XCUIElementTypeWindow>
</XCUIElementTypeApplication></AppiumAUT>

python示例代码

# This sample code uses the Appium python client
# pip install Appium-Python-Client
# Then you can paste this into a file and simply run with Python

import unittest
from appium import webdriver


class TestUicatalog(unittest.TestCase):
    def setUp(self):
        caps = {}
        caps["platformName"] = "ios"
        caps["platformVersion"] = "12.1"
        caps["deviceName"] = "iPhone X"
        caps["app"] = "/Users/seveniruby/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/UICatalog-dfavfehsvaabuqdpmxouzqphclvl/Build/Products/Debug-iphonesimulator/UICatalog.app"

        self.driver = webdriver.Remote("http://127.0.0.1:4723/wd/hub", caps)

    def test_buttons(self):
        el2 = self.driver.find_element_by_accessibility_id("Buttons")
        el2.click()
        print(self.driver.page_source)
        self.driver.find_element_by_accessibility_id("UICatalog").click()

    def tearDown(self):
        self.driver.quit()

真机测试

真机webview测试


真机浏览器测试

课后作业

关闭