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Appium-mobile-web

Automating mobile web apps

If you’re interested in automating your web app in Mobile Safari on iOS or
Chrome on Android, Appium can help you. Basically, you write a normal WebDriver
test, and use Appium as the Selenium server with a special set of desired
capabilities.

iOS mobile web automation

Appium can automate the Safari browser on real and simulated iOS devices. It is
accessed by setting the browserName desired capabilty
to "Safari" while leaving the app capability empty.

You must run Safari on the device before attempting to use Appium, in order
for the correct preferences to have been set.

Then, use desired capabilities like these to run your test in mobile Safari:

// javascript
{
  platformName: 'iOS'
  , platformVersion: '13.2'
  , automationName: 'XCUITest'
  , browserName: 'Safari'
  , deviceName: 'iPhone 11'
}
# python
{
  'platformName': 'iOS',
  'platformVersion': '13.2',
  'automationName': 'XCUITest',
  'browserName': 'Safari',
  'deviceName': 'iPhone 11'
}
// php
public static $browsers = array(
    array(
        'desiredCapabilities' => array(
            'platformName' => 'iOS',
            'platformVersion' => '13.2',
            'automationName' => 'XCUITest',
            'browserName' => 'Safari',
            'deviceName' => 'iPhone 11'
        )
    )
);
// java
DesiredCapabilities capabilities = new DesiredCapabilities();
capabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.PLATFORM_NAME, "iOS");
capabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.PLATFORM_VERSION, "13.2");
capabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.AUTOMATION_NAME, "XCUITest");
capabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.BROWSER_NAME, "Safari");
capabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.DEVICE_NAME, "iPhone 11");
{
  platformName: 'iOS',
  platformVersion: '13.2',
  automationName: 'XCUITest',
  deviceName: 'iPhone 11',
  browserName: 'Safari'
}

Mobile Safari on Simulator

First of all, make sure developer mode is turned on in your Safari
preferences so that the remote debugger port is open.

Mobile Safari on a Real iOS Device

For XCUITest

We use appium-ios-device to handle Safari since Appium 1.15.
You no longer need to install additional dependencies.

For Instruments

For iOS 9.3 and below (pre-XCUITest), we
use the SafariLauncher App app
to launch Safari and run tests against mobile Safari. This is because Safari is
an app that is owned by Apple, and Instruments cannot launch it on real devices.
Once Safari has been launched by SafariLauncher, the Remote Debugger
automatically connects using the ios-webkit-debug-proxy.
When working with ios-webkit-debug-proxy, you have to trust the machine before
you can can run tests against your iOS device.

For instruction on how to install and run ios-webkit-debugger-proxy see
iOS WebKit debug proxy
documentation.

Setup for an iOS real device

Before you can run your tests against Safari on a real device you will need to:

  • XCUITest and Instruments
    • Turn on web inspector on iOS device (settings > safari > advanced)
  • Only for Instruments
    • Have the ios-webkit-debug-proxy installed, running and listening on port
      27753 (see the hybrid docs
      for instructions)
    • Make sure that SafariLauncher will work (see the SafariLauncher docs
      for instructions)

Running your test

To configure you test to run against safari simply set the "browserName" to be
"Safari".

// java
//setup the web driver and launch the webview app.
DesiredCapabilities desiredCapabilities = new DesiredCapabilities();
desiredCapabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.BROWSER_NAME, "Safari");
desiredCapabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.AUTOMATION_NAME, "XCUITest");
URL url = new URL("http://127.0.0.1:4723/wd/hub");
AppiumDriver driver = new AppiumDriver(url, desiredCapabilities);

// Navigate to the page and interact with the elements on the guinea-pig page using id.
driver.get("http://saucelabs.com/test/guinea-pig");
WebElement div = driver.findElement(By.id("i_am_an_id"));
Assert.assertEquals("I am a div", div.getText()); //check the text retrieved matches expected value
driver.findElement(By.id("comments")).sendKeys("My comment"); //populate the comments field by id.

//close the app.
driver.quit();
# python
# setup the web driver and launch the webview app.
capabilities = { 'browserName': 'Safari', 'automationName': 'XCUITest' }
driver = webdriver.Remote('http://localhost:4723/wd/hub', capabilities)

# Navigate to the page and interact with the elements on the guinea-pig page using id.
driver.get('http://saucelabs.com/test/guinea-pig');
div = driver.find_element_by_id('i_am_an_id')
# check the text retrieved matches expected value
assertEqual('I am a div', div.text)

# populate the comments field by id
driver.find_element_by_id('comments').send_keys('My comment')

# close the driver
driver.quit()
// php
class ContextTests extends PHPUnit_Extensions_AppiumTestCase
{
    public static $browsers = array(
        array(
            'desiredCapabilities' => array(
                'platformName' => 'iOS',
                'platformVersion' => '7.1',
                'automationName' => 'XCUITest',
                'browserName' => 'Safari',
                'deviceName' => 'iPhone 11'
            )
        )
    );

    public function testThings()
    {
        $this->get('http://saucelabs.com/test/guinea-pig');

        $div = $this->byId('i_am_an_id');
        $this->assertEquals('I am a div', $div->text());

        $this->byId('comments')->sendKeys('My comment');
    }
}

Android mobile web automation

Appium supports automating the Chrome browser both real and emulated Android
devices.

Pre-requisites:

  • Make sure Chrome is installed on your device or emulator.
  • Chromedriver needs to be installed (a default version comes with Appium) and
    configured for automating the specific version of Chrome available on the
    device. See here for more
    information and details about compatibility.

Then, use desired capabilties like
these to run your test in Chrome:

// javascript
{
  platformName: 'Android'
  , platformVersion: '9.0'
  , deviceName: 'Android Emulator'
  , automationName: 'UIAutomator2'
  , browserName: 'Chrome'
};
# python
{
  'platformName': 'Android',
  'platformVersion': '9.0',
  'deviceName': 'Android Emulator',
  'automationName': 'UIAutomator2',
  'browserName': 'Chrome'
}
// php
public static $browsers = array(
    array(
        'desiredCapabilities' => array(
            'platformName' => 'Android',
            'platformVersion' => '9.0',
            'browserName' => 'Chrome',
            'automationName' => 'UIAutomator2',
            'deviceName' => 'Android Emulator'
        )
    )
);
// java
DesiredCapabilities capabilities = new DesiredCapabilities();
capabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.PLATFORM_NAME, "Android");
capabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.PLATFORM_VERSION, "9.0");
capabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.DEVICE_NAME, "Android Emulator");
capabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.AUTOMATION_NAME, "UIAutomator2");
capabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.BROWSER_NAME, "Chrome");
{
  platformName: 'Android',
  platformVersion: '9.0',
  deviceName: 'Android Emulator',
  automationName: 'UIAutomator2',
  browserName: 'Chrome'
}

Note that on 4.4+ devices, you can also use the ‘Browser’ browserName cap to
automate the built-in browser. On all devices you can use the ‘Chromium’
browserName cap to automate a build of Chromium which you have installed.

Troubleshooting Chromedriver

If your test target requires newer Chromedriver version,
chromedriver_autodownload feature will help.
It has been available since Appium 1.15.0 with the security option.
Read the linked documentation to learn how to use it.
chromedriverExecutableDir capability also helps when you need
a specific Chromedriver version.

As of Chrome version 33, a rooted device is no longer required. If running tests
on older versions of Chrome, devices needed to be rooted as Chromedriver
required write access to the /data/local directory to set Chrome’s command
line arguments.

If testing on Chrome app prior to version 33, ensure adb shell has read/write
access to /data/local directory on the device:

$ adb shell su -c chmod 777 /data/local

There is a desired capability showChromedriverLog which, when set to true,
writes the Chromedriver logs inline with the Appium logs. This can be helpful
for debugging.

For more Chromedriver specific documentation see ChromeDriver documentation.

官方链接为:http://appium.io/docs/en/writing-running-appium/web/mobile-web