20221113 app自动化测试实战一{JAVA}

实战目标

  • 企业微信的用户管理

课堂ppt

PPT地址

app启动验证

#adb shell am start -W -S 包名/activity

adb shell am start -W -S com.tencent.wework/.launch.LaunchSplashActivity

知识汇总

2022_App自动化测试学习大纲.xmind.zip (248.9 KB)

pom文件

   <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <maven.compiler.encoding>UTF-8</maven.compiler.encoding>
        <java.version>11</java.version>
        <!-- 使用 Java 11 语言特性 ( -source 11 ) 并且还希望编译后的类与 JVM 11 ( -target 11 )兼容,您可以添加以下两个属性,它们是默认属性插件参数的名称-->
        <maven.compiler.target>11</maven.compiler.target>
        <maven.compiler.source>11</maven.compiler.source>
        <!-- 对应junit Jupiter的版本号;放在这里就不需要在每个依赖里面写版本号,导致对应版本号会冲突-->
        <junit.jupiter.version>5.9.1</junit.jupiter.version>
        <!-- log日志 -->
        <slf4j.version>2.0.3</slf4j.version>
        <logback.version>1.4.3</logback.version>
        <!-- plugins -->
        <maven.compiler.version>3.8.1</maven.compiler.version>
        <maven-surefire-plugin.version>3.0.0-M5</maven-surefire-plugin.version>
        <!-- 断言-->
        <hamcrest.version>2.2</hamcrest.version>
 
        <!--allure报告-->
        <allure.version>2.18.1</allure.version>
        <allure-maven.version>2.10.0</allure-maven.version>
        <allure.cmd.download.url>
            https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/io/qameta/allure/allure-commandline
        </allure.cmd.download.url>
        <aspectj.version>1.9.9.1</aspectj.version>
        <!-- faker -->
        <javafaker.version>1.0.2</javafaker.version>
        <!-- selenium -->
        <selenium.version>4.6.0</selenium.version>
        <!-- appium -->
        <appium.version>8.2.0</appium.version>
        <jackson.version>2.13.1</jackson.version>
        <commonio.version>2.11.0</commonio.version>
    </properties>

    <!--    物料清单 (BOM)-->
    <dependencyManagement>
        <dependencies>
            <!--当使用 Gradle 或 Maven 引用多个 JUnit 工件时,此物料清单 POM 可用于简化依赖项管理。不再需要在添加依赖时设置版本-->
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.junit</groupId>
                <artifactId>junit-bom</artifactId>
                <version>${junit.jupiter.version}</version>
                <type>pom</type>
                <scope>import</scope>
            </dependency>
        </dependencies>
    </dependencyManagement>


    <dependencies>
        <!--junit5-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.junit.jupiter</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit-jupiter</artifactId>
            <!--对应添加的依赖的作用范围-->
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.junit.platform</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit-platform-suite</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.junit.vintage</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit-vintage-engine</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!--hamcrest断言-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.hamcrest</groupId>
            <artifactId>hamcrest</artifactId>
            <version>${hamcrest.version}</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.hamcrest</groupId>
            <artifactId>hamcrest-core</artifactId>
            <version>${hamcrest.version}</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!--faster json解析yaml文件 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
            <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
            <version>${jackson.version}</version>
            <scope>compile</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.dataformat</groupId>
            <artifactId>jackson-dataformat-yaml</artifactId>
            <version>${jackson.version}</version>
            <scope>compile</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!-- log日志 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
            <version>${slf4j.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
            <artifactId>logback-classic</artifactId>
            <version>${logback.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- common io-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-io</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-io</artifactId>
            <version>${commonio.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- allure-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>io.qameta.allure</groupId>
            <artifactId>allure-junit5</artifactId>
            <version>${allure.version}</version>
            <scope>compile</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.aspectj</groupId>
            <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId>
            <version>${aspectj.version}</version>
            <scope>runtime</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!--  随机测试数据生成库  -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.github.javafaker</groupId>
            <artifactId>javafaker</artifactId>
            <version>${javafaker.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- selenium-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.seleniumhq.selenium</groupId>
            <artifactId>selenium-java</artifactId>
            <version>${selenium.version}</version>
            <scope>compile</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!-- appium -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>io.appium</groupId>
            <artifactId>java-client</artifactId>
            <version>${appium.version}</version>
            <scope>compile</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>${maven-surefire-plugin.version}</version>
                <configuration>
                    <argLine>
                        -javaagent:"${settings.localRepository}/org/aspectj/aspectjweaver/${aspectj.version}/aspectjweaver-${aspectj.version}.jar"
                    </argLine>
                    <includes>
                        <include>**/*Test</include>
                    </includes>
                </configuration>
                <dependencies>
                    <dependency>
                        <groupId>org.junit.jupiter</groupId>
                        <artifactId>junit-jupiter-engine</artifactId>
                        <version>${junit.jupiter.version}</version>
                    </dependency>
                    <dependency>
                        <groupId>org.junit.vintage</groupId>
                        <artifactId>junit-vintage-engine</artifactId>
                        <version>${junit.jupiter.version}</version>
                    </dependency>
                </dependencies>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>${maven.compiler.version}</version>
                <configuration>
                    <parameters>true</parameters>
                    <!-- 设置jre版本为 11 -->
                    <source>${maven.compiler.source}</source>
                    <target>${maven.compiler.target}</target>
                    <!-- 设置编码为 UTF-8 -->
                    <encoding>${maven.compiler.encoding}</encoding>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>

            <plugin>
                <groupId>io.qameta.allure</groupId>
                <artifactId>allure-maven</artifactId>
                <version>${allure-maven.version}</version>
                <configuration>
                    <reportVersion>${allure.version}</reportVersion>
                    <allureDownloadUrl>${allure.cmd.download.url}/${allure.version}/allure-commandline-${allure.version}.zip</allureDownloadUrl>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
       DesiredCapabilities desiredCapabilities = new DesiredCapabilities();
        //平台名称 安卓系统就是Android 苹果手机就是iOS
        desiredCapabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.PLATFORM_NAME, "Android");
        //使用的driver uiautomator2
        desiredCapabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.AUTOMATION_NAME, "UiAutomator2");
        //设备的系统版本
        desiredCapabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.PLATFORM_VERSION, "12.0.0");
        //启动的app的包名
        desiredCapabilities.setCapability(AndroidMobileCapabilityType.APP_PACKAGE, "com.tencent.wework");
        //启动的app的页面
        desiredCapabilities.setCapability(AndroidMobileCapabilityType.APP_ACTIVITY, ".launch.LaunchSplashActivity");
        //设备名称
        desiredCapabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.DEVICE_NAME, "盖盖");
        //设备的UDID;adb devices -l 获取,多设备的时候要指定,若不指定默认选择列表的第一个设备
        desiredCapabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.UDID, "8c5f5f92");
        //app不重置
        desiredCapabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.NO_RESET, true);
        //运行失败的时候打印page source到appium-log
        desiredCapabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.PRINT_PAGE_SOURCE_ON_FIND_FAILURE, true);
        //在假设客户端退出并结束会话之前,Appium 将等待来自客户端的新命令多长时间(以秒为单位) http请求等待响应最长5分钟
        desiredCapabilities.setCapability(MobileCapabilityType.NEW_COMMAND_TIMEOUT, 300000);
        //默认权限通过
        desiredCapabilities.setCapability(SupportsAutoGrantPermissionsOption.AUTO_GRANT_PERMISSIONS_OPTION, true);

打卡

desiredCapabilities.setCapability(SupportsWaitForIdleTimeoutOption.WAIT_FOR_IDLE_TIMEOUT_OPTION, 0);

滑动

http://appium.io/docs/en/commands/interactions/actions/

css定位

注意:warning:
id转为css:需要转义,\代表专一

UiSelector

https://developer.android.com/reference/androidx/test/uiautomator/UiSelector

截图

public void ElementScreenBase(WebElement element) throws IOException {
        File screenshot = ((TakesScreenshot) driver).getScreenshotAs(OutputType.FILE);
        org.openqa.selenium.Point elementLocation = element.getLocation();
        org.openqa.selenium.Dimension elementSize = element.getSize();
        //[0,1361][1080,1499]
        int eleX = elementLocation.x;
        int eleY = elementLocation.y;
        int eleH = elementSize.height;
        int eleW = elementSize.width;
//        logger.info("location=${} size=${} x=${} y=${} width=${} height=${}",
//                elementLocation,elementSize,eleX,eleY,eleW,
//                eleH);
        //读取截图文件
        BufferedImage img = ImageIO.read(screenshot);
        //创建一个 Graphics2D,可用于绘制到此 BufferedImage 中
        Graphics2D graph = img.createGraphics();
        //BasicStroke 指定线宽的实心  描边 Shape 的 Stroke 对象
        graph.setStroke(new BasicStroke(5));
        graph.setColor(Color.RED);//绘制形状的颜色
        graph.drawRect(eleX, eleY, eleW, eleH);//绘制指定矩形的轮廓
        graph.dispose();//处理此图形上下文并释放它正在使用的任何系统资源
        ImageIO.write(img, "png", getPngPath().toFile());
    }

    private Path getPngPath() {
        long l = System.currentTimeMillis();
        return Paths.get("png",l+".png");
    }

作业

作业一

添加成员优化:

toast元素验证
添加log日志
添加截图
添加allure报告

作业二

删除成员用例编写

  • 多用css定位

最好是id,xpth相对定位,css定位都在脚本内使用

项目地址:

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