appium定位android的控件有时能定位到有时不能定位到


能够打开 雪球 app但是没有在输入框中输入 阿里巴巴

E:\PythonRun\python.exe "E:\Python\PyCharm Community Edition 2021.3.2\plugins\python-ce\helpers\pycharm\_jb_pytest_runner.py" --path E:/PythonProject/test_demo1.py
Testing started at 15:45 ...
Launching pytest with arguments E:/PythonProject/test_demo1.py --no-header --no-summary -q in E:\PythonProject

============================= test session starts =============================
collecting ... collected 1 item

test_demo1.py::TestDW::test_search FAILED                                [100%]搜索测试用例

test_demo1.py:61 (TestDW.test_search)
self = <test_demo1.TestDW object at 0x000002688522DD80>

    def test_search(self):
      print("搜索测试用例")
    
      """
      1.打开 雪球 app
      2.点击搜索输入框
      3.向搜索输入框里面输入“阿里巴巴”
      4.在搜索结果里面选择“阿里巴巴“,然后进行点击
      5.获取这只上  阿里巴巴的股价,并判断 这只股价的价格>=200
      """
>     self.driver.find_element_by_id("com.xueqiu.android:id/tv_search").click()

test_demo1.py:72: 
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
E:\PythonRun\lib\site-packages\selenium\webdriver\remote\webdriver.py:473: in find_element_by_id
    return self.find_element(by=By.ID, value=id_)
E:\PythonRun\lib\site-packages\selenium\webdriver\remote\webdriver.py:1248: in find_element
    return self.execute(Command.FIND_ELEMENT, {
E:\PythonRun\lib\site-packages\selenium\webdriver\remote\webdriver.py:425: in execute
    self.error_handler.check_response(response)
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

self = <selenium.webdriver.remote.errorhandler.ErrorHandler object at 0x000002688524D630>
response = {'status': 404, 'value': '{"value":{"error":"no such element","message":"An element could not be located on the page u...11)\\n    at runMicrotasks (<anonymous>)\\n    at processTicksAndRejections (internal/process/task_queues.js:85:5)"}}'}

    def check_response(self, response: Dict[str, Any]) -> None:
        """
        Checks that a JSON response from the WebDriver does not have an error.
    
        :Args:
         - response - The JSON response from the WebDriver server as a dictionary
           object.
    
        :Raises: If the response contains an error message.
        """
        status = response.get('status', None)
        if not status or status == ErrorCode.SUCCESS:
            return
        value = None
        message = response.get("message", "")
        screen: str = response.get("screen", "")
        stacktrace = None
        if isinstance(status, int):
            value_json = response.get('value', None)
            if value_json and isinstance(value_json, str):
                import json
                try:
                    value = json.loads(value_json)
                    if len(value.keys()) == 1:
                        value = value['value']
                    status = value.get('error', None)
                    if not status:
                        status = value.get("status", ErrorCode.UNKNOWN_ERROR)
                        message = value.get("value") or value.get("message")
                        if not isinstance(message, str):
                            value = message
                            message = message.get('message')
                    else:
                        message = value.get('message', None)
                except ValueError:
                    pass
    
        exception_class: Type[WebDriverException]
        if status in ErrorCode.NO_SUCH_ELEMENT:
            exception_class = NoSuchElementException
        elif status in ErrorCode.NO_SUCH_FRAME:
            exception_class = NoSuchFrameException
        elif status in ErrorCode.NO_SUCH_SHADOW_ROOT:
            exception_class = NoSuchShadowRootException
        elif status in ErrorCode.NO_SUCH_WINDOW:
            exception_class = NoSuchWindowException
        elif status in ErrorCode.STALE_ELEMENT_REFERENCE:
            exception_class = StaleElementReferenceException
        elif status in ErrorCode.ELEMENT_NOT_VISIBLE:
            exception_class = ElementNotVisibleException
        elif status in ErrorCode.INVALID_ELEMENT_STATE:
            exception_class = InvalidElementStateException
        elif status in ErrorCode.INVALID_SELECTOR \
                or status in ErrorCode.INVALID_XPATH_SELECTOR \
                or status in ErrorCode.INVALID_XPATH_SELECTOR_RETURN_TYPER:
            exception_class = InvalidSelectorException
        elif status in ErrorCode.ELEMENT_IS_NOT_SELECTABLE:
            exception_class = ElementNotSelectableException
        elif status in ErrorCode.ELEMENT_NOT_INTERACTABLE:
            exception_class = ElementNotInteractableException
        elif status in ErrorCode.INVALID_COOKIE_DOMAIN:
            exception_class = InvalidCookieDomainException
        elif status in ErrorCode.UNABLE_TO_SET_COOKIE:
            exception_class = UnableToSetCookieException
        elif status in ErrorCode.TIMEOUT:
            exception_class = TimeoutException
        elif status in ErrorCode.SCRIPT_TIMEOUT:
            exception_class = TimeoutException
        elif status in ErrorCode.UNKNOWN_ERROR:
            exception_class = WebDriverException
        elif status in ErrorCode.UNEXPECTED_ALERT_OPEN:
            exception_class = UnexpectedAlertPresentException
        elif status in ErrorCode.NO_ALERT_OPEN:
            exception_class = NoAlertPresentException
        elif status in ErrorCode.IME_NOT_AVAILABLE:
            exception_class = ImeNotAvailableException
        elif status in ErrorCode.IME_ENGINE_ACTIVATION_FAILED:
            exception_class = ImeActivationFailedException
        elif status in ErrorCode.MOVE_TARGET_OUT_OF_BOUNDS:
            exception_class = MoveTargetOutOfBoundsException
        elif status in ErrorCode.JAVASCRIPT_ERROR:
            exception_class = JavascriptException
        elif status in ErrorCode.SESSION_NOT_CREATED:
            exception_class = SessionNotCreatedException
        elif status in ErrorCode.INVALID_ARGUMENT:
            exception_class = InvalidArgumentException
        elif status in ErrorCode.NO_SUCH_COOKIE:
            exception_class = NoSuchCookieException
        elif status in ErrorCode.UNABLE_TO_CAPTURE_SCREEN:
            exception_class = ScreenshotException
        elif status in ErrorCode.ELEMENT_CLICK_INTERCEPTED:
            exception_class = ElementClickInterceptedException
        elif status in ErrorCode.INSECURE_CERTIFICATE:
            exception_class = InsecureCertificateException
        elif status in ErrorCode.INVALID_COORDINATES:
            exception_class = InvalidCoordinatesException
        elif status in ErrorCode.INVALID_SESSION_ID:
            exception_class = InvalidSessionIdException
        elif status in ErrorCode.UNKNOWN_METHOD:
            exception_class = UnknownMethodException
        else:
            exception_class = WebDriverException
        if not value:
            value = response['value']
        if isinstance(value, str):
            raise exception_class(value)
        if message == "" and 'message' in value:
            message = value['message']
    
        screen = None  # type: ignore[assignment]
        if 'screen' in value:
            screen = value['screen']
    
        stacktrace = None
        st_value = value.get('stackTrace') or value.get('stacktrace')
        if st_value:
            if isinstance(st_value, str):
                stacktrace = st_value.split('\n')
            else:
                stacktrace = []
                try:
                    for frame in st_value:
                        line = self._value_or_default(frame, 'lineNumber', '')
                        file = self._value_or_default(frame, 'fileName', '<anonymous>')
                        if line:
                            file = "%s:%s" % (file, line)
                        meth = self._value_or_default(frame, 'methodName', '<anonymous>')
                        if 'className' in frame:
                            meth = "%s.%s" % (frame['className'], meth)
                        msg = "    at %s (%s)"
                        msg = msg % (meth, file)
                        stacktrace.append(msg)
                except TypeError:
                    pass
        if exception_class == UnexpectedAlertPresentException:
            alert_text = None
            if 'data' in value:
                alert_text = value['data'].get('text')
            elif 'alert' in value:
                alert_text = value['alert'].get('text')
            raise exception_class(message, screen, stacktrace, alert_text)  # type: ignore[call-arg]  # mypy is not smart enough here
>       raise exception_class(message, screen, stacktrace)
E       selenium.common.exceptions.NoSuchElementException: Message: An element could not be located on the page using the given search parameters.
E       Stacktrace:
E       NoSuchElementError: An element could not be located on the page using the given search parameters.
E           at AndroidUiautomator2Driver.findElOrEls (C:\Users\Lenovo\AppData\Local\Programs\Appium\resources\app\node_modules\appium\node_modules\appium-android-driver\lib\commands\find.js:75:11)
E           at runMicrotasks (<anonymous>)
E           at processTicksAndRejections (internal/process/task_queues.js:85:5)

E:\PythonRun\lib\site-packages\selenium\webdriver\remote\errorhandler.py:247: NoSuchElementException




======================= 1 failed, 2 warnings in 20.24s ========================

Process finished with exit code 1

报错了

但是但是


这个又可以运行成功

各路大神救救我救救我!
我真的真的不行了啊啊啊 :confounded: :confounded: :pleading_face: :pleading_face:

说是tv_search找不到,可能是前置步骤没点击成功。这个例子是霍格沃兹测试开发学社的教学案例,你要是学员,可以发到学员的专属答疑区,不要发这里。

好的 谢谢老师

关闭